• Do Sulfur Emissions from Wuhan, China, Point to Mass

    On Feb. 8, 2020, a well-shared Twitter thread claimed that “data” showed a massive increase in sulfur emissions over Wuhan, China. The thread further suggested that a likely explanation for

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride (sf 6) emission estimates for China: an

    Abstract. Sulfur hexafluoride (sf 6) is the most potent greenhouse gas regulated under the Kyoto Protocol, with a high global warming potential. In this study, Sulfr hexafluoride emissions from China were inventoried for 1990-2010 and projected to 2020. Results reveal that the highest gaz sf6 emission contribution originates from the electrical equipment sector (about 70%), followed by the magnesium production sector, the semiconductor manufacture sector and the insulating gas production sector (each about 10%).

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  • FACT CHECK: Satellite images showing high levels of sulphur

    Feb 22, 2020 · As per his calculation, for Wuhan to get the level of sulphur dioxide emission (claimed by the Twitter user above) due to burning of bodies, around 30 million bodies would have had to be burned.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) emission estimates for China: an

    1 Supporting Information Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) emission estimates for China: an inventory for 1990-2010 and a projection to 2020 Xuekun Fang†, Xia Hu†, Greet Janssens-Maenhout#, Jing Wu†, Jiarui Han†, Shenshen

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  • Is the end coming for sulfur hexafluoride, the most powerful

    Oct 15, 2020 · Electrical-transmission towers and the cables are part of the landscape of industrialized countries. Less visible but just as important are switchgear devices that protect electrical equipment. But did you know that many of these devices—widely used in electric-utility transmission and distribution systems as well as commercial and industrial facilities—integrate the most powerful

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  • Coronavirus: Image showing sulphur dioxide forecasts falsely

    Since February 10, several media outlets – national and international – have published a report saying that an increase in sulfur dioxide levels in Wuhan and Chongqing is possibly linked with mass cremation of coronavirus victims. These reports include a screenshot of an image from w indy.com, a Czech-based weather service, as the primary source to show “sulfur dioxide levels in Wuhan were at a staggering 1,350 micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3).”.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride: The truths and myths of this greenhouse gas

    Jan 15, 2020 · Sulfur hexafluoride, commonly known as SF 6, has made a splash in the mainstream media of late. Several articles are pointing the finger at the growth in renewables—specifically wind turbines—as...

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  • Maps showing sulphur dioxide predictions mistaken for Wuhan

    Feb 10, 2020 · Maps were released showing sulphur dioxide (SO2) levels over Wuhan. It was suggested that they were satellite images from windy.com and the colourful cloud was as a result of bodies being incinerated.

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  • Sulphur dioxide images do NOT show mass cremations in Wuhan

    Sulphur dioxide readings in Wuhan were never higher than 11.5 µg/m3 in the week up to February 9, the centre said. The Czech-based websitedata for Beijing and other cities also 'deviated

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  • An alternative to Sulfr hexafluoride in electrical switchgear - EE Publishers

    For decades, the unique properties of sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) have made it popular as an insulation and switching medium for electrical switchgear. However, Sulfr hexafluoride is a greenhouse gas and there are life-cycle management costs associated with its use. For some years, ABB has been conducting research into alternatives with lower environmental impact but with […]

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  • Low-Carbon Manufacturing of Metal Forming Machine

    Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF 6) 22,800 Global Warming Potentials for Common Greenhouse Gases Carbon emissions Direct Indirect Energy consumption Material consumption - It is a modern production mode, under the premise of ensuring product’s function and quality and considering environmental impact and resource consumption,

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  • Interaction Mechanism between the C4F7N–CO2 Gas Mixture and

    C4F7N (fluorinated nitrile) has been introduced as a remarkable substitute gas for the greenhouse gas sf6 gas (sulfur hexafluoride) which is used in gas-insulated equipment (GIE). Intensive investigations about the compatibility between C4F7N and materials used in GIE are required to decide their long-term behavior. In this paper, the interaction mechanism between EPDM, used as a sealing ring in

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  • These aren’t satellite images and they don’t show evidence of

    These claims are wrong. The maps the claims are based on are not satellite images, and they do not show real, observed data on current levels of sulphur dioxide. NASA, which provided the data in the first place, told Full Fact that they are simply forecasts based on weather patterns and historical information about SO2 emissions.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride (sf 6) emissions in East Asia determined

    Sulfur hexafluoride (sf6 gas) has a global warming potential of around 22 800 over a 100-year time horizon and is one of the greenhouse gases regulated under the Kyoto Protocol. Around the year 2000 there was a reversal in the global insulating gas emission trend, from a decreasing to an increasing trend, which was likely caused by increasing emissions in countries that are not obligated to report their annual emissions to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

    Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) or sulphur hexafluoride (British spelling), is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. [7] [8] It is inorganic , colorless, odorless, non- flammable , and non-toxic.

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  • Health and environmental dangers of sf6 gas-filled switchgear

    [1] WT Tsai: “The Decomposition Products of Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF 6): Review of Environmental and Health Risk Analysis”, Journal of Flourine Chemistry 128 (2007), 1345-1352, at 1346-47. [2] Id, at 1347; US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, By-products of sulphur Hexaflouride (SF 6 ) use in the electric power

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  • sf 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems

    gas emissions. Sulfur hexafluoride is the industrypreferred gas for high voltage electrical insulation, current interruption, and arc quenching in the transmission and distribution of electricity; the gas is used extensively in circuit breakers, gas-insulated substations, and switchgear because of its inertness and dielectric properties.

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  • Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from

    Apr 01, 2016 · Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear The document below was a presentation conducted at the 2014 Workshop for gaz sf6 Emission Reduction Strategies. You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page.

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  • Coronavirus: Wuhan cremation claims debunked as experts

    Feb 26, 2020 · A satellite data visualization showing high levels of sulfur dioxide around the Wuhan area had raised eyebrows after it was shared on Twitter earlier this month along with the claim that it could be a sign of mass cremations of Coronavirus victims. These claims have now been debunked.

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  • Inverse Association between Ambient Sulfur Dioxide Exposure

    We enrolled 1759 men and performed 2184 semen examinations at a large reproductive medical center in Wuhan, China, between 2013 and 2015. Inverse distance weighting interpolation was performed to estimate individual exposures to SO₂, NO₂, CO, and O₃ during the entire period (lag 0–90 days) and key periods (lag 0–9, 10–14, 70–90

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  • TECHNICAL SUPPORT DOCUMENT FOR PROCESS EMISSIONS OF SULFUR

    used in gas-insulated substations, circuit breakers, other switchgear, and in gas-insulated lines. Sulfur hexafluoride has replaced flammable insulating oils in many applications and allows for more compact substations in dense urban areas. Currently, there are no available substitutes for SF 6 in high voltage applications. Fugitive emissions

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  • Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from

    Sulfur Hexaflouride (SF 6) Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) is a potent greenhouse gas 23,900 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide (CO 2) One pound of SF 6 emitted is equivalent to 11 tonnes of CO 2 80% of California’s SF 6 emissions come from gas insulated electrical switchgear

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  • DISSOCIATION OF SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE TRACER GAS IN THE

    Dec 22, 2005 · As an odorless, non-toxic, and inert compound, sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) is one of the most widely used tracer gases in indoor air quality studies in both controlled and uncontrolled environments. This compound may be subject to hydrolysis under elevated temperature to form acidic inorganic compounds such hydrogen fluoride and sulfuric acid.

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  • ESRL Global Monitoring Laboratory - FTP Navigator

    Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF 6) Flask: Monthly Averages: Multiple: Download: Readme: 5: Argyle, Maine, United States (AMT) Air samples collected in glass flasks. Greenhouse Gases: Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF 6) Flask: Discrete: Multiple: Download: Readme: 6: Anmyeon-do, Republic of Korea (AMY) Air samples collected in glass flasks. Greenhouse Gases

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  • SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE | CAMEO Chemicals | NOAA

    Sulfur hexafluoride (95%) 2551-62-4: Vapor 480 480 480 480 indicates greater than. A blank cell indicates the fabric has not been tested. The fabric may or may

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  • The Trend of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in China after 2000

    The Trend of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in China after 2000 Zifeng Lu and David G. Streets Decision and Information Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 [email protected] Qiang Zhang and Siwen Wang Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

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  • Production and Distribution of Sulfr hexafluoride by End-Use Application

    Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) is a long-lived, highly potent greenhouse gas that is included under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which if ratifiedwould limit emissions of the major greenhouse gases. While SF 6 is not produced in large quantity, the production volume of this compound had notbeen quantified previously in a systematic manner.

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  • Inverse association between ambient sulfur dioxide exposure

    Nov 07, 2017 · In Wuhan, the ambient temperature varies by season. Between 2013 and 2015, the average daily ambient temperature was 17.3, 27.5, 17.7, and 5.1 °C in spring, summer, autumn, and winter, respectively. During 0-90 days before semen examination, the average temperature decreased across SO 2 exposure quintiles ( Table 1 ; spearman’s rank

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  • NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 10003476 - Using sulphur

    However, problems such as recirculation of return into intake air, leakage from adjacent mines, lost intake air, and unknown transit flow times through stoped areas call for new ways of analyzing airflow underground. Use of sulfur hexafluoride as a tracer gas can be an effective means of analyzing these ventilation problems.

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