• Shorter hepatic transit time can suggest coming metastases

    Shorter hepatic transit time can suggest coming metastases: through-monitoring by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography? Zhang H(1), He Y, Du L, Wu Y. Author information: (1)Department of Ultrasound, First PeopleHospital, Affiliated Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

    Sulfur hexafluoride is inert in the troposphere and stratosphere and is extremely long-lived, with an estimated atmospheric lifetime of 800–3,200 years. [29] Measurements of SF 6 show that its global average mixing ratio has reached over 10 parts per trillion (ppt) as of April 2020, and is increasing by about 0.35 ppt (3.5 percent) per year.

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  • Use of sulfur hexafluoride airflow studies to determine the

    @article{osti_381353, title = {Use of sulfur hexafluoride airflow studies to determine the appropriate number and placement of air monitors in an alpha inhalation exposure laboratory}, author = {Newton, G. J. and Hoover, M. D.}, abstractNote = {Determination of the appropriate number and placement of air monitors in the workplace is quite subjective and is generally one of the more difficult

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  • USGS Groundwater Dating Lab

    Sulfur hexafluoride is primarily of anthropogenic origin but also occurs naturally in minerals, rocks, and volcanic and igneous fluids. Concentrations of SF 6 in air have rapidly increased from a steady state value of about 0.02-0.05 to over 7 parts per trillion during the past 40 years, and are expected to continue increasing.

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  • Comparison of sulfur hexafluoride, fluorescein and rhodamine

    Health, the flow of on site sewage system effluent from a mounded drainfield towards an SIA was studied using three types of tracers: an inert gas, sulfur hexafluoride (sf 6), two fluorescent dyes, fluorescein and rhodamine WT, and a viral tracer, the bacterio­ phage PRD-1. The objective of this paper is to

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  • Catalog of Guidelines and Standards for the Handling and

    in Sulfur Hexafluoride, Electrical Insulation Magazine Jan/Feb 1990 9 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) Boggs, S. Sulfur Hexafluoride: Introduction to the Material and Dielectric, Electrical Insulation Magazine Sep/Oct 1989 99 9 International Council on Large Electric Systems (CIGRE) CIGRE Guide for SF 6 Gas

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  • Is the end coming for sulfur hexafluoride, the most powerful

    Oct 15, 2020 · Paying for more environmentally friendly switchgear. According to respondents, a higher purchasing price is one of the main barriers for adoption of SF 6-free alternative.At the same time, survey participants were in principle willing to pay more for environmental-friendly switchgear options—on average up to 20% compared to their usual purchasing price.

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  • Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF ) Awareness - FedCenter.gov

    and sustainable management of sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) at DOE sites. SF 6 is an extremely potent greenhouse gas. BACKGROUND Sulfur hexafluoride is a colorless, odorless, non-toxic synthetic gas commonly used to insulate electrical equipment. Equipment such as circuit breakers, current-interruption equipment, transmission lines, transformers,

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  • sf 6 Transmitter - Draeger

    The sf 6 transmitter is ideally suited for the gas measurement of sulfur hexafluoride in the field of high voltage engineering. The transmitter can be used both as a gas leak detector and to monitor the gas quality in gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) or transformers.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride Uses, Side Effects Warnings - Drugs.com

    Jan 03, 2020 · Sulfur hexafluoride is a contrast agent that is used to improve the quality of an ultrasound. Sulfur hexafluoride is used to allow certain segments of the heart, liver, or urinary tract to be seen more clearly on an ultrasound examination.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride detection by Radar resonance enhanced

    In this study, we have demonstrated the stand-off detection of sulfur hexafluoride by the Radar resonance multi-photon ionization process. In order to obtain a well defined spectral signature, the sulfur hexafluoride molecules are first dissociated by a focused pulsed Nd:YAG laser to sulfur difluoride molecules, which are then ionized by a pulsed, frequency tunable, narrow linewidth laser

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  • UHVDC | TD World

    Hitachi ABB Power Grids Ltd. and GE Renewable Energy’s Grid Solutions business signed a non-exclusive, cross-licensing agreement related to the use of an alternative gas to sulfur hexafluoride (gaz sf6) used in high voltage equipment. This fluoronitrile-based gas mixture has a reduced impact on the environment compared to sf6 gas.

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  • Quantitative evaluation of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography

    CEUS monitoring of right kidney perfusion was performed by intravenous bolus injection of 0.6 ml Sulfur hexafluoride filled microbubbles (SonoVue; Bracco S.P.A., Milan, Italy) every week after operation.

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  • ESRL Global Monitoring Laboratory - FTP Navigator

    Use this web page to find specific data files available from the public ftp file archive of the ESRL Global Monitoring Laboratory. Alternatively, you can check our Data by research program page for specific areas of data that can be downloaded.

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  • Analysis of Sulfur Hexafluoride in Air

    The sulfur hexafluoride analysis system is described in Hall et al. (2007) and Hall et al. (2011). Briefly, gas samples are loaded into a fixed-volume, stainless steel sample loop by flushing the loop, and then injected onto a series of packed columns using a multi-port valve.

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  • Sulfur Hexafluoride - Stability / Shelf Life

    Sonovue shelf-life: 2 years. Once reconstituted, chemical and physical stability has been demonstrated for 6 hours. From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately.

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  • Sonoporation-induced depolarization of plasma membrane

    Author information: (1)Department of Instrumentation Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: [email protected] (2)Shanghai Institute of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. (3)Medical Engineering Program, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

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  • Monitoring laparoscopic radiofrequency renal lesions in real

    Monitoring laparoscopic radiofrequency renal lesions in real time using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography: an open-label, randomized, comparative pilot trial J Endourol . 2013 Jun;27(6):697-704. doi: 10.1089/end.2012.0694.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride circuit breaker - Wikipedia

    Sulfur hexafluoride circuit breakers protect electrical power stations and distribution systems by interrupting electric currents, when tripped by a protective relay. Instead of oil, air, or a vacuum, a sulfur hexafluoride circuit breaker uses sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) gas to cool and quench the arc on opening a circuit.

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  • SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE | CAMEO Chemicals | NOAA

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 126 [Gases - Compressed or Liquefied (Including Refrigerant Gases)]: As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 100 meters (330 feet) in all directions.

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  • SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE by portable GC 6602

    SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE by portable GC: METHOD 5512, Issue 2, dated 15 August 1994 - Page 2 of 4 SAMPLING AND MEASUREMENT: REAGENTS: 1. Sulfur hexafluoride in air at known concentration(s) for use in field calibration. Prepared in the field by filling sample bag (see "Equipment") with verified commercial standard compressed gas*, or by injecting

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  • Sulfr hexafluoride Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems

    perfluorocarbons (PFCs)). Sulfur hexafluoride (SF. 6) is a man-made fluorinated compound with a long atmo-spheric lifetime of 3,200 years and has the ability to trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere 23,900 times more than that of carbon dioxide (CO. 2). U.S. electric utilities that participate in this program (SF. 6. Partners) have recog-

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  • Prepared for - Florida Department of Health

    techniques. Sulfur hexafluoride and fluorescein dye were used to determine groundwater flow velocity, hydraulic conductivity, and dispersivity at different sites on the island. Monthly monitoring of hydraulic head illustrated the aquifers' dependence on rainfall. However, during periods of little rain, tidal stage also influenced the

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride - NIST

    Sulfur Hexafluoride Primary Gas Standard: Sample temp. (C) 23 C: Sample pressure: 101.3 Pa: Melting point-50.5 C: Boiling point-63.9 C (sublimes) References.

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  • State Agency Greenhouse Gas Reduction Report Card

    This regulation sets an annual emission rate limit for sulfur hexafluoride as a proportion of an entity’s capacity of sulfur hexafluoride in gas-insulated switchgear. The maximum allowable annual emission rate was ten percent for 2011 and will decrease one percent per year until 2020, at which point the

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  • Sulfur Hexaflouride | Office of Environment, Health and Safety

    Monitor and report purchases and usage annually; Submit an explanation of research activity; Take efforts to minimize sulfur hexafluoride emissions. Additionally, users and purchasers of sf6 gas are now required to keep records for 3 years showing the annual quantity of sf 6 used and purchased, beginning March 30, 2010.

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  • DISSOCIATION OF SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE TRACER GAS IN THE

    Dec 22, 2005 · As an odorless, non-toxic, and inert compound, sulfur hexafluoride (gaz sf6) is one of the most widely used tracer gases in indoor air quality studies in both controlled and uncontrolled environments. This compound may be subject to hydrolysis under elevated temperature to form acidic inorganic compounds such hydrogen fluoride and sulfuric acid.

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  • Sulfur hexafluoride - NIST

    Other names: Sulfur fluoride; OC-6-11; Elegas; sf6 gas; Hexafluorure de soufre; UN 1080; Esaflon; sulphur hexafluoride Permanent link for this species. Use this link for bookmarking this species for future reference.

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  • Sulfur tetrafluoride | F4S - PubChem

    Sulfur tetrafluoride is an extremely reactive substance instantly hydrolized by water to sulfur oxide and hydrogen fluoride. Cotton FA, Wilkinson G; Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 4th ed., New York, NY: John Wiley Sons. p. 520 (1980)

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